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carney-AP

U.S. to Impose Sanctions on South Sudan

U.S. to Impose Sanctions on South Sudan

White House press secretary Jay Carney. Photo: Carolyn Kaster/AP

Washington, DC, April 3, 2014 (SSNA) – The president of the United States Barack Obama on Thursday signed an executive order, clearingthe way for the U.S. to impose sanctions against anyone the Obama’s administration sees as a threat to peace in the war-wracked South Sudan.

The order also threaten to punish people who target the United Nations’ peacekeepers and those who commit atrocities, includinghuman rights violations.

The move comes less than four months after fighting broke out in Juba late last year.

“Those who threaten the peace, security or stability of South Sudan, obstruct the peace process, target U.N. peacekeepers or are responsible for human rights abuses and atrocities will not have a friend in the United States and run the risk of sanctions”, the White House said.

The sanctions will include visa bans, asset freezes, among others.

The European Union (EU), United Kingdom (UK), Norway, and the United Nations (UN) are also reported to issue their own sanctions against the young nation.

South Sudan’s warring facions signed a ceasfire on the 23rd of January 2014, but, both sides have accuse each other of breaking the truce.

Dr. Riek Machar

“Why Dr. Riek Machar Teny is an Acceptable Alternative

 

Dr. Riek Machar

Dr. Riek Machar

BY: WAL THOK DUOTH, South Sudan, JUL/09/2013, SSN; In the beginning I would like to remind everybody that we are not perfect and for that reason we should not expect ourselves to act like angels because a good number of South Sudanese did install a concept in their minds that when you made any mistake, you become the talk of the hours under those trees and streets of Juba city.

Yes, during the liberation war of our independence there was unavoidable death inflicted by our own making and the enemy in Khartoum. If you are a faithful Christian, you have to bear in mind that anything we encountered on our way to our total independence was not a mankind or humankind planned tragedy but bound to happen as a part of God’s punishment up on us, as it leads to freedom and freedom is characterized by sacrifices.

It’s quite clear that when you need anything in this world we are living in, you must pay a price for it, which means freedom is not at all free, it’s associated with sacrifices of our beloved people that makes as who we are today.

In 1991 there was a split in the SPLM/A, the core points of the disagreement were fundamentally focused on the conduct of the voluntary right to self determination for the people of the then Southern Sudan now Republic of South Sudan, respect of human rights and democratization of the SPLM/A, this were the historical demands of Nasir SPLM/A Faction, to be brief and precise to the point, these were the central reasons that lead to the formation of the then two groups of Nasir and Torit factions.

Dr. Machar was very clear that these points are crucial for the success in the movement and there was never going to be a short cut at all, hence self determination was introduced in 1994 SPLM Chukudum historic convention as a realization of the needs to incorporate it into the movement’s missions.

There is no leader in his/her right mind that can order the killing of his/her people, this can happen only and only if the field lost contact with the power house as it was the case in many occasions, in this situation chaos can be imminent. In situations like this, people need to be very fair in judgement of our past as all of us were victimized by the liberations struggle, which by itself speak loud and clear in the advocacy of the fact that nobody can take it as his/her own suffering.

In the first place let me convey my utmost heartfelt to all South Sudanese families who lost their loved ones in the liberation wars of independence. People were massacred by SPLA in Eastern Jikany Nuer land in Madiing in the early 1980s which is now Eastern Upper Nile state.

In 1991 and 1992 respectively another onslaught on Ayod (Yod) Gawaar Nuer land and (Nyirol) Lou Nuer land took place and these were all conducted by SPLA Torit faction on un-armed civilians mainly women, children and elderly people were collected, brought to chosen huts and burned in to huts alive some were chopped to death using machetes’ and axes. These was executed under the direct command of late George Athor, he was by then a commander under Torit faction, some commanders with him during those massacres are still alive to this day, SPLA Torit faction in 1991-1993 conducted a mass killing of over 70 officers in a cold blood death and these officers hailed from Nuer native, in this case there was a real human rights violation, the families of these people are not keeping on exaggerating this case because they knows very well that these tragedies are bound to happen in a war situation when things are in disorder. This served as an eyes opening to many who are posting their comments on Newspapers and websites, being motivated by tribal hatred without equipping him/herself with facts of the situation, therefore you don’t need to takes sides but give solution without siding with your community or your tribes men. The durable peace between our communities in South Sudan can come when there happens to be a real national peace and social healing conferences, which we can all rally behind for the search of lasting peace in this part of the world.

In 1997, Dr. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon signed an historical land mark agreement with Khartoum government, and he (Teny Dhurgon) made it very crystal clear to government in Khartoum, he told them that if you don’t implement this agreement I will go back to bush and fight again. He was asked how will you go back and you are under our control? He told them that you will give me a farewell when the time comes; this is very rare for any rebel commander to give conditions while in his/her enemy’s territory.

In turn he did it afterwards when government in Khartoum dragged their feet in the processes of (KPA) implementation.

This is historic as this was for the first time in the history of Sudan, that they recognized and granted the right to self determination for the people of Southern Sudan, this was under Dr. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon. Many among us cannot dispute this truth, only the people who are sick and in fact such a people may be in urgent need of a doctor’s attention. Hence Dr. Machar from his bush life up to date proved beyond reasonable doubt to be a freedom fighter, liberator, peace maker and a genuine leader who championed the right to self determination for the people of South Sudan with all his energy until we achieved the freedom at last. This should be clear, therefore, a real patriotic citizen cannot deny this outstanding truth about him (Teny Dhurgon). We must say the truth, only and only if the truth is known in this country hence, we will enjoy the total freedom.

Dr. Riek was a risk taker who always takes hardest options of leadership for his people, he can be seen in the following reflections; in 1991 after the split he initiated a reunification of the movement’s factions but Torit faction under late John Garang De Mabior used this chance as a plot to kill him (Riek) in the meeting which Garang did not show up for. Under his vision, the 2004 Wunlit peace conference between Nuer and Dinka was conducted, he was an instrumental figure who persuaded many rebels to abandon rebellion and rejoin the government for the sake of peace in the country.

He initiated peace process between Ugandan government and Lord Resistance Army in 2007, he went footing in the bush looking for the world’s most feared rebel leader Joseph Konyi in the forest of Democratic Republic of Congo and Central Africa Republic, purposely to let him understand the meaning of peace and bring to an end the Lord Resistance Army’s brutal activities on innocent civilians in South Sudan specially in the three equatorial regions.

However, in the process leading to the end of the deal, some people within this Republic felt so jealous and uncomfortable about the credit of peace agreement going to Dr. Riek Machar, secretly and intentionally told LRA leader, Joseph Konyi, that you will be arrested if you arrived Juba as he was meant to sign the deal in Juba the seat of government of Southern Sudan. Consequently the peace was derailed as Konyi did not turn up for the signing ceremony in Juba. Dr. Machar was also the chair of CPA implementation committee from the SPLM side which in real sense brought us the independence. This is to mention few things why Dr. Riek Machar is an acceptable alternative for the Presidency come 2015 South Sudan general elections; he has every constitutional right to stand for the top seat of the land like anybody else in this Republic.

Thank God, that I am from a native full of mercy, humility, zeal, patience, love and unity, we all know that Nuer land had been the epicenter of wars of liberation in South Sudan with the formation of so many liberation movements that lead to the independence of this beloved country.

Truth is bitter, but we can’t live without it. If it’s a matter of our rough road to freedom, all the leaders who were in the SPLA did commit heinous atrocities against human rights, if that is the case we should disqualify all starting with President Kiir, because he is not free in this scenario, as he held a very sensitive position in the movement where crime had also been committed. Otherwise this will implicate all our leaders, which to me they did not intend to commit these atrocities, however, Dr. Riek has done a lot to this country and his actions speak louder to the people who value the truth, for that reason he deserves to be voted in come 2015.

Let us tell the truth and the truth will set us free. I also want to denounce the Sudantribune website interaction which in every issue turns into tribal’s forum. I stand here advocating for the adjustment of this media forum, because it increases tribal hatred than at all time, and from today on, I start my campaign against this kind of discussion because it will never take us anywhere good, most of the time they luck logic.

In conclusion I would like to send my warmest salutations to all my fellow compatriots where ever you may be on this planet Earth on Republic of South Sudan’s second Anniversary.

The author can be reached by Email; walthokduoth@rocketmail.com

By:Wal Thok Duoth

UN logo

Pro-UN protestors reject Kiir bias against UN, call for UN Chief to remain

UN logoJUBA/MALAKAL/BOR: What appears to be spontaneous and uncoordinated pro-UN rallies have been reported across several towns in South Sudan as hundreds of internally displaced persons (IDP’s) have been seen pour into the streets from their UN camps chanting anti-government slogans and calling on the UN to stay.

“Hilde for President of South Sudan,” read one slogan.

Another praised UN’s role in providing the protection that - without it, according to the slogan, would have meant the murder of  the holder’s entire family.

In the past few days, several government-backed protests across country have called on the UN to stop arming the rebels with the gas canisters  – a high tech land mine that, according to the government, is capable of taking out airplanes and gunship helicopters.

In the past few days, the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) and the government had a diplomatic fall out after the latter intercepted what it believed was a shipment to rebels, accused the former of meddling in its internal affairs.

The thousands of IDP’s who choose to sought protection in UN compounds from weapon yielding undisciplined tribal militias allied to either rebel leader Machar or fast-becoming-unpopular president Kiir do not seem to agree with the government. “Anti-aircraft landmines!! Either the rebels are too intelligent to turn gas canisters into that, or… can a landmine blow up a plane?” wondered one pro-UN protester. It is not clear how long the protests will continue or whether government will issue any statement to this regard.

Four detainees

No Evidence Ties 4 South Sudan Politicians to ‘Coup’ Bid, Court Told

south_sudanese_leaders_left_to_right_ezekiel_lol_gatkuoth_majak_d_agoot_pagan_amum_and_oyai_deng_ajak_at_a_trial_hearing_in_juba_on_march_11_20JUBA — Prosecution witnesses at the treason trial of four South Sudanese political detainees accused of treason for their alleged role in the December uprising that kicked off months of fighting around the country, on Wednesday unexpectedly testified in favor of the men in the dock.

Army Brigadier General Atem Benjamin told the court he has evidence that former vice president Riek Machar led the uprising that started December 15 in a Juba military barracks. Machar, who has denied the accusation, went into hiding when the violence erupted.

But under cross-examination, Benjamin said he did not have any evidence to implicate the four men who are on trial in the attempt to topple the government of President Salva Kiir.

The other witness, Major General Mach Paul Kuol, who is the director of military intelligence, accused former Unity state governor Taban Deng Gai of being involved in the plot.

Kuol said his accusation was based on the fact that Gai called him to ask why he had arrested a soldier who was caught in mid-December, trying to make copies of keys to an armory inside the Giada military barracks in Juba, where the fighting began.

Kuol said he found the phone call suspicious and informed his superiors.

But he also said he has no evidence that the four men on trial were involved in the alleged coup on Dec. 15.

Gai fled South Sudan when the fighting broke out and is the lead negotiator for the anti-government side at peace talks for South Sudan, being held in Addis Ababa. The government has said it has enough evidence to charge him and Machar with treason.

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The two officers’ testimonies contrasted with statements made to the court last week by Thomas Duoth, director general of external security, who said he had solid evidence that the four men on trial were part of a plan to seize power in a coup.

Lead prosecution attorney James Mayen said his team is trying to present a complete picture of what happened when the fighting erupted in Juba in December. Not every prosecution witness will present evidence against the accused, he said.

Mayen said he was satisfied with the way the prosecution’s case was proceeding. The prosecution has called six witnesses so far and will call another six before the defense presents its case, he said.

Defense lawyer Monyluak Alor called Benjamin’s and Kuol’s testimonies a victory for his side, and a blow to the prosecution case, which he said “is getting weaker and weaker.”

The special court in Juba began hearing the case against former SPLM secretary general Pagan Amum Okiech, former security minister Oyay Deng Ajak, former deputy defense minister Majok D’Agot Atem, and the former envoy of the semi-autonomous South Sudan government to the United States, Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth, earlier this month.

Hailemariam Desalegn, Salva Kiir, Uhuru Kenyatta

Anger as IGAD changes focus, demanding an interim government excluding Salva Kiir and Dr Riek

Hailemariam Desalegn, Salva Kiir, Uhuru KenyattaAddis Ababa – As IGAD mediators gear up for what seems to be a difficult second round of peace talks between the Government of South Sudan and rebels allied to former Vice President of South Sudan, details have emerged that the IGAD mediators are passing around a document that proposes an interim government which excludes two warring leaders of the conflict Dr Riek Machar and Salva Kiir Mayardiit. 

The document seen by the Upper Nile Times proposed an interim government that shall run for 3 years, and headed by a neutral body preferably from the group of 7 former detainees  whom have been recently rejected by the government delegation as “not part of the conflict”.
According to the document, the negotiating team of the lead negotiator Gen. Seyum Mesfin emphasised on the support the proposal gained from the member of AU, US and EU countries in order to break the deadlock to the stalled peace process. 
“South Sudanese need peace, we proposed this initiative for the warring parties to put their egos behind and work for the interest of the thousands displaced South Sudanese in many parts of east Africa and to show leadership for those mercilessly killed by both sides in the conflict.” a statement reads from Mesfin. 
The proposal wasn’t received well by either of the parties to the conflict with the SPLM in opposition saying their leader should not be included for he didn’t commit any massacre like what president Kiir did to the Nuer in Juba between December 15 – 19 last year. 
The preliminary consultations to resume the second round of talks will resume on Wednesday and Thursday.
So far, according to UN reports, more than 200,000 refugees are currently seeking humanitarian assistance in Ethiopia, 80,000 have been externally displaced to Kenya. 
The conflict has since killed more than 20,000 people with majority of them being killed in Juba by Presidential guards. 
SPLM Nebraska chapter interim leaders

SPLM Nebraska Chapter impeached its chairman and endorsed the reform

Monday, March 24, 2014: The Sudan People Liberation Moment (SPLM) Nebraska Chapter general assembly has impeached its chapter Chairman.  Inconsistent with the party’s guidelines, the SPLM chapter general assembly has passed a vote of no confidence where by the assembly unanimously removed CDE Stephen M. Nyuon Kawang out of the office.

SPLM Nebraska chapter interim leaders

SPLM Nebraska chapter interim leaders

The impeachment of the former chairman became an option after he refused to listen to the general assembly undivided calls to support the endorsement of the SPLM/SPLA  (in opposition). The now acting chapter leaders of the SPLM Nebraska Chapter, together with the SPLM general assembly officially endorsed the SPLM/SPLA (opposition)  in support of the party reform. More than majority party cabinet members conducted a vote of no confidence and unanimously voted out the former chairman and nominating the  deputy secretary general Mr. Makuel Wie as a party interim Chairman. ”President Salva Kiir utterly fail leadership style pushed the whole country and the historical SPLM/A party into abyss in all ten states of South Sudan including the Diasporas as well.” said the acting chairman CDE Makuel Wie.

Majority of the Diaspora in the United States are not happy with the way the President of the Republic of South Sudan leads the country.  The SPLM chapters in all States and the SPLM secretariats in the United States have adopted differing views on the crisis but majority tacitly supported the SPLM reform in the country.

The United Kingdom, United States, Norway and the European Union on the eve of peace talks have threatened ‘sanctions’ against the South Sudanese government

The United Kingdom, United States, Norway and the European Union on the eve of peace talks have threatened ‘sanctions’ against the South Sudanese government owing to their obstruction of the peace process and repeated violations of the two accords signed in January.

 Sanctions would involve the kind of legal and economic measures taken against such leaders as Muammar Gaddafi and Saddam Hussein. Measures imposed in these cases included travel bans and asset freezes, which restricted the ability of government officials to travel abroad and retain property and savings in other countries.

“If the government and any other actor tries to undermine the peace process and rebuff the IGAD heads of state, they will face consequences,” says a joint statement by the ‘Troika’ – the United States, Britain, Norway – and the European Union.

 Donald Booth, the US envoy to South Sudan, and Alexander Rondos, the EU special envoy to the Horn of Africa, said Washington and Brussels were both considering “targeted measures” against individuals.

“The EU reiterates that it stands ready to consider targeted restrictive measures against individuals obstructing the political process, in support of AU and IGAD efforts and in close coordination with international partners,” reads a statement by the EU Council on Monday.

 The involvement of the European Union in the sanctions threat suggests the measures being considered would potentially be even more wide-ranging in effect than those now employed against the north Sudanese government by the United States.

 According to the External Action Service of the European Union the sanctions that the EU has historically applied normally take the form of “arms embargoes, economic and financial restrictions and restrictions on admission.”

“The EU has often imposed targeted financial sanctions, which can be designed to target specific persons, groups and entities responsible for objectionable policies or behavior,” explains the website of the EU foreign policy arm.

“Such sanctions comprise both an obligation to freeze all funds and economic resources of the targeted persons and entities and a prohibition on making funds or economic resources available directly or indirectly to or for the benefit of these persons and entities,” it adds.

Diplomatic sources in Addis Ababa explained that they had lost patience with the South Sudanese government for violating the two accords signed in January – the ceasefire agreement and the agreement on the status of detainees.

 They also objected to the government’s refusal to deal with the SPLM ‘third bloc’ which the mediation of the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) wants to include in the political talks.

Moreover, the European Union in its council resolutions on Monday called for the release of SPLM Secretary-General Pag’an Amum and three other political prisoners, whose treason trail was set to resume on the eve of the peace talks.

Thok1

South Sudan rebels have repulsed government’s loyalist in an attempt to retake Malakal town.

Thok1March 19, 2014 (Upper Nile): South Sudan rebels have repulsed government’s loyalist in an attempt to retake Malakal town. The rebels (the Freedom fighters) today, fought a fierce battle at the outskirt of Malakal town. The fight has left more than thousands of government loyalists and Ugandan UPDF mercenaries’ dead.

Speaking through Thuraya phone in Upper Nile, Brigadier General Peter Thok Chuol, told South Sudantribune; “We have lured Kiir loyalists out of their trenches in Foloich just to face the most humiliating defeat of it kind.”  Having reached to the outskirt of Malakal is not tantamount to the control of the town. They were derived away from the inside of Malakal town exactly a month from yesterday when the rebels capture the town. This time, it’s with less effort to chase them away from the outskirt of Malakal town.

The rebel’s primary objective is to capture Faloich, the oil rich town in Upper Nile.  This plan is the priority. Kiir loyalists coming out of the trenches in Faloich will never deterred the primary objectives. If they think they have the grip of Malakal, let them think again. The freedom fighters, led by the former Vice President Dr. Riek Machar recaptured Malakal town on 18, February 2014 from Kiir loyalists.

Kiir loyalist and their UPDF Mercenaries most of the time loot the town, committed summary killings and often terrorized the general public in Malakal every time they are Malakal town. They are not needed, said one of the survivors who were in Malakal when the government were in town the last. By all accounts, the populations rejected the tribal government army he said.

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South Sudan rebels say ready to go to war with Juba

South Sudan rebels say ready to go to war with Juba: The conflict ongoing in south Sudan between the government and the rebel faction led by former vice president Riek Machar may turn more bloody as the rebel faction now confirm that it is ready for an armed struggle.

The top leadership of the rebel faction that has arrived in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa, says that already all around the country, they are organized ready to engage militarily with Salva Kiir’s forces. This military command was under the command of Lt. General Alfred Lado , one of president Salva Kiir’s former advisors. These military threats to oust the current Juba regime , come as the two warring factions have been in Addis Ababa, for close to a month to engage in the second phase of peace negotiations. The negotiations have so far failed to show any progress. Even a deal to end hostilities that had been signed between the two sides has been openly violated . . Angelina Teny Machar – Senior Member of Rebel Faction So whether the deal will have any effect, I must say it has not been effective ever since it was signed. Whether it will be effective in the future is a matter remaining to be decided by the mediating team and those countries that are supporting the talks. Juba has so far remained silent over the military threats by the opposition. The government’s negotiating team in Addis Ababa, insists that it will stick to the negotiation agenda that will be provided by the mediation team. Analysts say the conflict in South Sudan may take longer to be resolved, because the warring factions seem more keen on solidifying their military might , instead of speeding up peaceful negotiations.

Miyong

In Presidential Palace, Salva Kiir is leading a clique not a nation.

In Presidential Palace, Salva Kiir is leading a clique not a nation.

Miyong

Miyong Kuon

South Sudan is a great nation founded by great people, under shared principles. Diverse ethnically and linguistically, South Sudan is made up of more than (60) sixty tribes living side-by-side in harmony for centuries. Together, they collectively endorsed the independence of South Sudan in 2011 through an internationally monitored referendum.

It was this endorsement that legitimized the new nation’s constitution, the National Legislative Assembly, the Judiciary and the Executive branch. Together as tribes, they capitulated their traditional legal system and customary laws and fully subscribed to the country’s constitution as the only law of the land.

To everyone’s dismay, the President of the Republic of South Sudan and his cronies have hijacked the shared principles, broke the constitution of the land, and seriously dismantled the great unity of the people of South Sudan. This act of conspiracy by the President and his close associates brought this promising nation to its knees and the prospect of seeing Juba being one of the fastest growing city disappeared.

To keep things straight, it is important to know that the mid December incident last year was never a coup. It was a President’s premeditated plan to silence or kill his critics. However, the plan went terribly wrong. Months before the carnage, the President and his inner circle went to Bhar el Ghazel region and formed private militia without the knowledge of Minister of Defense, and the SPLA’s Chief of General Staffs.

These private militias were responsible for the massacre of more than 7,000 Nuer between 16, and 21 December 2013 in Juba. As these supporting facts profoundly disturbed not only the country but also the world, it also linked the President directly to the massacre. It is safe to conclude that Salva Kiir Mayardiit by instigating this complete mayhem in South Sudan, make him a criminal who should be punished under the rule of law.

The US and the world must not fail to demand immediate measures that would reverse the looming catastrophes in South Sudan. Over hundred thousands displaced. The damages the President has done in the country are beyond repair. It’s imperative to know that, the crisis in South Sudan did not begin with the eruption of the war in military barracks in December of last year. This crisis had been simmering for a very long time. In fact, some of the red flags the world should have noticed were when the President changed the policy of building the new nation to the policy of silencing his critics.  More than a year ago, the security organs killed one of the prominent South Sudanese political commentators called Isaiah in Juba. No perpetuators have ever been brought to justice. Many other people disappeared without a trace in Juba the same manner. The President has sidelined the ruling party leaders, created a small group of friends, relatives, and tribesmen from outside the ruling party. The President and this clique decide the nation’s most important issues without involving the SPLM leaders of the higher organ (political bureau) of the party.

His decision to form his own private army from his home region was an alarming catastrophic move for an elected leader. In July 2013, he fired the SPLM-led cabinet on the pretext of forming a leaner government. That never was the case in the end. Just before the crisis, he brought in foreign forces without the knowledge of the nation’s Parliament. All the above facts were the known red flags that United States and the world should have taken seriously.

This time, the world must not turn a blind eye on this criminal who has been misleading the country and the world for two years. His actions are the cause of all of the chaos in the country. If he failed to lead the country before the crisis, how can we expect him to lead differently when the country is at war within? Never before, has a President of a nation massacred one ethnic group and turned around claiming to be the President of the whole nation including the survivors of that massacre. It just does not work that way. Sadly, the government is blaming his critics for the suffering of these people who are taking refuge at UNMISS compounds. The government is using the nation’s Television as a propaganda tool to assassinate people’s characters and tarnish his critics’ reputations.

Recently, the administration launched a campaign to lure out survivors who sought refuge at the two UNMISS compounds in Juba. Yet, the perpetuators of December’s massacre walk in the open; none of them have been brought to justice. The survivors fear these private killing machines that should not be allowed in the country in the first place. They were the army ordered to lynch survivors’ family members and relatives. The government is calling out these same survivors from the UNMISS compound, but because of December’s massacre, the survivors no longer trust him.

Evidently, few family members did listen to these empty promises by government agents. However, when they came out, some met their fate at the hands of these serial killers. He must resign and leave the people of South Sudan alone.

In addition to December massacre, his current damaging policies employed in his administration are doing the greatest harm. These policies cause unnecessary divisions within the intellectual community, military, and other organized forces. His poor decisions and inconsistencies further segregate the general population along regional and tribal lines. For example, his incompetence in reacting to national issues by allowing his security agent to kill people from one tribe should make us see him as a criminal and not a President.

The massacre of more than 7,000 ethnic Nuer in Juba should have prompted an apology from a pragmatic leader who has a desire to save a fractured nation from disintegrating. But Kiir insisted on imposing his self-interests and thinking he is the President while the country is actually bleeding to death.

Recently, the President has admitted to forming his private militias who have traumatized people of South Sudan from all walks of life. The December massacre was targeting only one ethnic group, but the whole crisis has a profound impact on everyone in the country. Because of the December massacre, now the army is fighting itself.

Yet, the President is praising those who initiated the formation of private militia. His tribal security organs mainly from Bhar el Ghazel region often carry out extrajudicial killing of innocents’ people in daylight.

In deed, the security organ intimidates everyone including none Dinka leaders who back the President.  These leaders who pay their allegiance to the fail President have never condemned these carnages?  In order for the President to know these leaders support him, they must ignore the massacre and are forced to blame the former Vice President as and the cause of the crisis for attempting a coup. Their loyalty to the President his clique is measured by how often they are seen to damage the image of their own communities. The sycophant leaders who have lost credibility in their own communities are loyal to the President and not to the country. They are forced to turn against their own communities in order to keep their loyalty to the President alive.

 More over, the recent crisis erupted in Giada on Wednesday proves this crisis is much deeper.  The President does not trust is own generals in the Army simply because the army is a total composition of all tribes in South Sudan. In addition, the commander in Chief of the Arm Forces must not use the nation army as mediocre and turning his full attention to foreign military and think he is defending the country. The presence of Uganda’s forces in Juba agitates every patriotic South Sudanese citizen including the foot soldiers and army Generals irrespective of their tribes.

We therefore must know that the genesis of the current crisis lies within the Presidency. It is not Nuer against Dinka. It’s not Dr. Riek Machar staging coup. It’s not entirely the SPLM that has failed the nation.  It is the President of the country that has failed to lead the nation. The state is a fail state because the President alienated the rest of the populations and focus on holding on to power by creating a clique. This has caused tremendous frustration in the army. Scrimmages like what happened on Wednesday, 5 March 2014 at the military barrack is just the tip of the iceberg.

In conclusion, there is nothing wrong in the country. But there are many things wrong with the President ruling the nation. The looming crisis will not be avoided if the President of the country remains the same. Realistically, change must take place and it should urgently take it course. The President has failed. He must relinquish power and give way to democracy.

 

Miyong G. kuon

Former Assistance Director of Communication and Press

Office of the former Vice President Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurghon

Former Host of Political talks show with SSTV

 Meet The Press-Juba

kuayak@gmail.com